A light moisturising cream designed to prevent the excess production of melanin that causes blemishes and hyper-pigmentation.
There are many active ingredients which can reduce blemishes. Two ingredients which are acknowledged to have positive effect on blemishes are Niacinamide and Glucosamine. Researchers found that a cream containing a 2% concentration of Glucosamine and a 4% concentration of Niacinamide showed a significant reduction in uneven skin tone and a reduction in the appearance age / sun spots.
Read this article from Google on the two active ingredients - there are many reports and research articles demonstrating the effectiveness of this combination.
An International Consensus on Glucosamine Skin Benefits.
"In early 2006, a group of leading dermatologists from around the world and Procter & Gamble Beauty scientists convened in Rome to review and discuss the glucosamine data. The panel determined that n-acetyl glucosamine, a more stable form of glucosamine, reduced the amount of melanin in skin cells, meaning there was less excess pigment in the skin to cause age spots. Additionally, the panel concluded that a formulation of n-acetyl glucosamine and niacinamide, a vitamin B derivative, significantly reduced the amount and appearance of hyperpigmentation, age spots and uneven melanin distribution. Researchers paired n-acetyl glucosamine with niacinamide because they knew that niacinamide had similar effects on slowing down pigment production and hypothesized that the two might work better together".
This wonder cream also has beneficial effects on acne prone skin, and research demonstrates that N-Acetyl Glucosamine and Niacinamide increase the production of hyaluronic acid in the skin and stimulates collagen production leading to an overall reduction in fine lines and wrinkles.
Glucosamine: an ingredient with skin benefits.
Bissett, Donald L., Source: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, Volume 5, Number 4, December 2006, pp. 309-315(7).
Glucosamine compounds have been reported to have several beneficial effects on the skin or skin cells. Because of its stimulation of hyaluronic acid synthesis, glucosamine has been shown to accelerate wound healing, improve skin hydration, and decrease wrinkles. In addition, as an inhibitor of tyrosinase activation, it inhibits melanin production and is useful in treatment of disorders of hyperpigmentation.
N-Acetyl Glucosamine Increases Hyaluronic Acid, Water Content, Biomarkers of Healthy Skin.
"In this study, the effects of N-acetyl glucosamine and niacinamide were tested in in vitro human skin cultures, as well as a clinical facial trial of 35 to 60 year old women with moderate-severe fine lines and wrinkles. The in vitro work found that the N-acetyl glucosamine plus niacinamide complex stimulated the production of hyaluronic acid, a key component in skin's hydration, as well as increased collagen (procollagen-1) expression. In human subjects, this improved hydration of the skin reduced the appearance of facial fine lines and wrinkles, particularly in the eye area of the face. Researchers hypothesize that the improved skin tone and moisturization may come from the role that glucosamine plays in hyaluronic acid synthesis, as well as improvements in collagen structure".
This cream may be used safely in conjunction with all chemical peels. The combination of peel and this cream will accelerate results.
If you use this product without sun protection, it simply will not work as effect. Please use our sunscreen Aftercare Lotion SPF15.
Ingredients: Niacinamide, N-acetyl Glucosamine, Hyaluronic Acid, Water, Glycerine, Peach Kernel Oil, Cetearyl Alcohol, Polysorbate 60, Hydrolised Jojoba Esters, Flax Seed Oil, Hazelnut Oil, Neopentyl Glycol Diethylhexanoate, Isoamyl Laurate, Isoamyl Cocoate, Tridecyl Stearate, Neopentyl Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Tridecyl Trimellitate, Cetyl Esters, Sorbitan Oleate, Lysolecithin, Sclerotium Gum, Xanthan Gum, Pullulan, Benzyl Alcohol, Dehydoacetic Acid, Benzoic Acid, Sorbic Acid, Tocopherol, Citric Acid, Sweet Orange Essential Oil, (Citral Limonene Linalool)